Europe after the fall of the Berlin Wall. From the promise of re-unification to new national fragmentations, from the hope for lasting peace to new wars. Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso analyses those days' hopes, nowadays' disenchantment, and twenty years of change through the voices, ideas and remembrances of some of the protagonists in the Caucasus and the Balkans. Where 1989 has not come to an end yet.
On November 10th, 1989, Bulgaria sees the end of Zhivkov and the single party. The events of that year, the ethnic question, and the attempts at lustration in an interview with Zhelyu Zhelev, philosopher and dissident in the years of the regime and first democratically elected president after the fall of the Berlin Wall.
- Laura Delsere | 30 October 2009
- Davide Sighele | 13 October 2009
- Giorgio Comai | 18 September 2009
- Giorgio Comai | 25 August 2009
- Marco Abram | 6 August 2009
- Marjola Rukaj | 4 June 2009
- Francesco Martino | 28 May 2009
- Francesco Martino | 22 May 2009
- Marjola Rukaj | 20 April 2009
- Andrea Rossini | 4 March 2009
- Andrea Rossini | 18 February 2009
The process of European reunification as a clash of opposing utopias, the thrilling night of 9 November, 1989 when the East and the West shook hands on the rubble of the Wall, and the reality that followed. An essay by sociologist Melita Richter.
4 November 2009
In Bulgaria, a few months after the fall of the Wall in 1989, the Communist regime triggered the exodus towards Turkey of 360,000 Bulgarian citizens of Turkish ethnicity. The mass exodus, gone down in history as the "big excursion", has left deep scars on the people who lived it. Our reportage
In December 1989, 20 years ago, Timişoara citizens fought alone against the regime of Ceausescu. The memories of Ioan Savu, one of the leaders of that revolution, and professor Miodrag Milin, the first to collect the stories of those days. A videoreportage by Davide Sighele and Francesco Martino
They have no memory of communism and Ceausescu. They were too young to remember, or were not born yet. They are the Generation '89, they look towards the future, they want to change Romania. A videoreportage by Francesco Martino and Davide Sighele