Serbia - Articoli

Roma people in south Serbia

24/07/2001 -  Mihailo Antović Nis

It is today three years since Mr. Sait Balic, known as 'baro manush', which in Romany means 'a great man', died. Mr. Balic was the most famous Roma person in Nis, the man who fought for the rights of Roma people for almost 3 decades, and he was also the President of World Roma Congress. In the seventies and eighties, Nis (which hosts one of the largest Roma populations in the entire former Yugoslavia, about 30,000 people altogether), became a centre of Roma life: it hosted the first (and unique) manifestation known as 'The Meetings of Roma of Serbia" (still active), and it organized the first Roma professional organization known as "Pride". Thanks to Mr. Balic's efforts, in the eighties the first Roma kindergarten was also founded in Nis. But during the life of this great man, the rights of Roma were largely neglected, partly because of the lack of care of Serbian population, and partly because of the attitude of Roma themselves.
Nowadays, at least officially, the situation is slightly better. Romany technically have the same rights as the rest of the population. They are educated in the same schools as the others. They have their political parties, NGOs and regular participation in the media. Until recently, there was a TV show on the local Nis Television every Sunday known as 'Akaja Rat Si Romani', sponsored by the Fund for Open Society and devoted to Roma people exclusively. In the last six months, a radio station in Romany language has been active in Nis. Mr. Balic's son, Osman, has followed his father's footsteps: he is today probably the most active Roma politician in Serbia, currently at the position of Assistant to the Republic Minister of National Minorities, probably the first time in the Serbian history that a Roma person occupies a relatively important political position.

It is the ordinary man on the street and his attitudes, however, that are ultimately relevant when assessing Roma position. Apart from minority militant groups, such as skinheads (virtually nonexistent in Nis, but pretty active in Belgrade and Vojvodina), who often attack Roma people in the streets, excessive physical violence against the Roma is rare. But, there is a general undertone among the Serbs which shows that nobody takes the Roma very seriously. They are seen as petty thieves and smugglers, average musicians or simple labour force, and this conception is enhanced by the fact that in reality they seldom take any upper positions in the society. Misconceptions are sometimes all-present. For example, popular Roma jokes often describe them as 'dirty', which is not only racist but also physically untrue, since their worldview implies the cult of purity, both spiritual and physical, unknown to most Serbs. Needless to say, any mix between the two populations is rare, which is shown by a recent poll where the percentage of Serbs willing to marry a Roma was 0 (strangely, knowing the situation, even Albanians were more suitable prospective marital partners, although that figure was also very low).
The Roma, on the other hand, do not generally do much to improve their position. Many seem to be satisfied with living in semi-ghettos (residential areas known as 'Gypsy-Towns'), sometimes in very harsh conditions. Their education often stops after primary schools, they usually get married early and have a lot of children, whom they cannot fully support, so they are themselves married young, and so on. Crime rates among the Roma are very high, although their offences are usually minor. Their political life, apart from some NGO activity in the recent years, is very modest. In the middle of the 'cast your vote, participate in the elections' campaign last autumn, a large part of which was aimed at the Roma, posters put up in Roma-town in Nis contained an additional inscription: "Whoever tears the posters, let his mother die soon!" - which aimed at the traditional superstition of the Roma, and seemed to be the only way for the posters to stay in one piece and communicate their message. In Vranjska Banja, a spa near Vranje, south Serbia, almost exclusively inhabited by Roma people, almost the entire population of age has joined the currently ruling Democratic Party of prime minister Djindjic. The explanation to this sudden interest in political life came after a local party official, also a Roma person, boasted in front of the foreign journalists that "the Roma are always with those in power, which today means Democratic Party, and that everybody will join. Those who do not, will be 'located'". Someone might call this a new reading of democracy.

However, the funny stories of the local Roma people and their clumsiness when they are to somehow integrate into society are replaced by very grim stories of Roma IDPs from Kosovo. While ethnic Serb IDPs had somewhere to go to, or at least were given some attention, the Roma were left to wander on their own. No one was willing to accept them (in Nis there was one (only one!) family ready to accept Roma population). There was virtually no organized care for the Roma once they crossed the administrative Kosovo border. On the other hand, it would be fair to notice that Roma NGOs, in spite of such a neglect of their compatriots, always make programmes which help all IDPs, irrespective of their ethnicity.

The Roma from Kosovo were put up in some camps where conditions were generally worse than those camps hosting Serbs. There is a large camp known as Salvatore in Bujanovac. From June 1999 to June 2000 the Roma there were put up in tents. Only last summer were they allowed containers donated by the Japanese government. The most terrible story was the one from Kursumlija, in the southwest, were a number of families settled downtown, in the open air, under the bridge. Some had to survive through the winter in unfinished buildings with no windows, no heating, and bad roofs - such as the Cultural Centre building in Kursumlija. In Kragujevac, their situation was slightly better - they were allowed to enter small bungalows with joint kitchen and toilet, shared by eight families. There are some situations where the Roma are settled within Kosovo, also as IDPs: such is the case in the camp in Plementina, a virtual ghetto a few miles from home, where there are about 700 IDPs (mostly Roma, with some Kosovo Serbs and a couple of Serbian families earlier settled from Krajina, Croatia). They are taken care of by the Kosovo branch of ICS.
It is rather difficult to work with Roma population and most NGOs avoid this activity. Repatriation programs still do not exist, and integration is almost impossible. The social habits of many are extremely low, so they are usually taught the most basic things by NGO activists: literacy, basic hygiene (for which they often get small packages with soap and toiletry weekly) etc. Some are trained in workshops, where they choose activity according to their wishes: they are taught some English, music, rap, folklore, even karate - virtually anything to get them socialized as much as possible. ECHO and ICS have started up the project "Evropako Rom" (European Roma), which consists of making the Roma population, especially the youth, active in preparing their own magazine. It is published every two months, and it covers the topics in Roma legends, history, culture, but it also offers some news and interviews.

The overall situation of the Roma, however, remains grim. Generally treated with disrespect, not well organized and not determined to fight, they have remained on the fringes of society for centuries. Among them, those displaced from Kosovo have probably generally been through the most humiliation and neglect of all ethnic groups since the break up of the former Yugoslavia.

New serbian Government wants to keep its promises

11/07/2001 -  Anonymous User

Before winning the elections in September 2000 Democratic Opposition of Serbia (DOS) promised many things, amongst which fighting against the corruption and crime in all segments of society and penalties for those who have suddenly grown rich over the last ten years.Today, when examining the present Serbian financial situation, everyone can notice that, as Finance Minister Bozidar Djelic said in parliament, "Serbia was a blend of methods of robbing the people, none of which was individually original, but the blend was unique...".
The New Serbian Government is on a way to start fulfilling its' promises.
On 20th June, after five days of debates, the Serbian Parliament has a law sanctioning a one-off tax on extra profit and extra property acquired from the beginning of the Milosevic regime (Danas, 21st June). Djelic' s previously mentioned statement therefore finishes as following "... the blend was unique and the law is therefore unique in legal practice in the world".
This law shall not be levied on those who were directly breaking the law, but on those who were in a position to benefit from the laws which previous regime was adopting to approve its mainly illegal actions. For instance, it was very common to buy foreign currencies by the "official exchange rate" much lower than the real one. This "official exchange rate" existed just for the previous government and their associates. In one period of Milosevic's regime for 1DEM one should have paid about 30 dinars on the street and they (the regime and its associates), at the same time were paying only 6 dinars according to their actually non existing "official exchange rate".
This is not the only example of how this "extreme legalist", as journalist of magazine NIN Tanja Jakobi calls them, misused their functions, robbed various founds, got numerous enormously large flats and houses, etc...

How the law on a one-off tax on extra profits will work?
The progressive rate is going to be from 30 to 90 percent on profit acquired from 1st January 1989 to the day on which the law comes into force. The lower end would tax profit of DEM 100.000 and the higher level would be applied to profit in excess of DM 10 million.
Also the tax will be paid for flats/houses bigger than 90 square metres (here it might be interesting to mention that the Serbian Radical Party suggested the limit to be 200 square metres. However this was rejected). Taxpayers are required to submit their tax forms within 30 days after the law comes into force. Special Government Commission will monitor the whole process while at the same time the part of the Republic Parliament will control its monitoring.
Not much time has lapsed since the Law was brought into the light, and already there are a lot of speculations about who are going to be these taxpayers. Among this guesses there are for instance Bogoljub Karic (called "Braca Karic") who has already found time to comment on the Law on extra profits. It is symptomatic that potential taxpayers, as well Bogoljub Karic speak of this law in the same way. Besides explanations that they are not the one who are going to be obliged to pay the tax, none of them is saying anything directly against it, however they do not miss a chance to give some "advice". Of course not one of them is defending themselves because all of them are waiting to see what are they exactly accused of.
For example Bogoljub Karic, in the Weekly magazine NIN (26th June), is giving examples of companies "Mercedes" and "Fiat" which were working under the fascist regime and were not punished afterwards. "They were even helped by new democratic government" explains one of the brothers Karic.
Djordje Antelj ("NIN", 21st June), Director and owner of the firm "Gemax", first commented on numerous accusations that his firm has been building various things without proper permits by saying that he works for every regime as long as he gets money. After that he said that he finds the Law on extra profits unnecessary because nowhere in the world there are retroactive laws.
Nevertheless it is true that this law is retroactive, however American experts for corruption told that in such an extremist situation something extreme need to be done.

It is actually very amusing to listen to these businessmen and ex-politicians during the rule of the former FRY president Slobodan Milosevic, so very untouchable then and now so full of various explanations and compromises. However people are still very sceptical and due to this scepticism it is plenty enough to mention that many people who were the closest associates of the previous regime joined the new streams of a new democratic government as nothing has happened. Probably the best example of such behaviour is Bogoljub Karic. The BK TV the media house that was reporting the same as RTS did during last ten years, and now it acts like it was all the time the greatest enemy of Milosevic.
The central person in the launching and adoption of Law on extra profits is Serbian Finance Minister Bozidar Djelic. In his interview to the weekly magazine Vreme (21st June) he explained that the Law on extra profits is necessary for people to start to trust again in state institutions, and for everyone to know that no one can act any more as it did in Milosevic's era. He also stated in the Parliament that the money gained by taxing the profits will be used for the poorest among the citizens, who paid have the dearest price during the last ten years.
All in all it is again on citizens to wait hoping that the real bad guys will be punished.

Privatisation - The Major Stumbling Block So Far

03/07/2001 -  Mihailo Antović Nis

The sudden rush about extraditing the former president Milosevic to the Hague Tribunal seems to have given another tumult to the political situation in Serbia. Its political, rhetorical, historical and (pseudo) patriotic consequences have unfortunately out-powered the real reason for the last-minute act: we need (a lot of) money, and we need it badly.
The present economic situation in the country is, speaking in terms of European standards, catastrophic. The first thing a foreign visitor would notice upon entering Serbia are the vehicles on the road - the average age of a Serbian car is 15 years. Scarce new Audis and BMWs are there just to remind us we are actually not in the eighties, and that there is a small minority who did quite well during the former regime. Black-market clothing, toiletries with fake labels, unreasonably cheap food and electricity and pirated property (software, movies, music etc.) have kept the population from bursting out in anger for years. However, in the changed conditions after October 2000, the intention to join the European integration processes means we will be forced to accept two principles: the rule of law and market economy. As for the first principle, courts are regaining their authority pretty slowly, although there is substantial consent within the population that they should pay taxes, respect regulations and cease with any illegal or semi-legal activities which helped them survive during the former period. Market economy, however, begins with privatisation.

Privatisation law is currently being discussed in the parliament. It looks like a compromise between what is called here "shock therapy" (meaning - fire everybody you have to, sell state property quickly and then think what to do once you have the money) and status quo from the Milosevic era, known as "buddy privatisation" (meaning - restricted for the 'buddies', i.e. the chosen loyal businessmen who would split up all the property and snatch the profit). As all the Milosevic trademarks, "buddy privatisation" was accompanied by a seductive cover story: no factories would become majority owned by foreigners, which means 51% (or more) would become the property of the workers, since they would all get the initial equal share of the stocks once the privatisation process began. Many ill-informed workers, and even some trade unions, bought this story, which reminded them of the nostalgic years of the former Yugoslavia when the property was 'common' (as they believed, theirs). Of course, the story was just a fairy tale: in reality, most companies were not privatised at all, since Milosevic's cronies were waiting for them to deteriorate as much as possible so that they could be bought off at ridiculous prices in the end. Those that got privatised were in most cases bought by their former state-appointed executives and their next of kin. True, many workers were given stocks - but hardly any of them knew what those pieces of paper actually meant, and they were often willing to sell them to their 'kind' executives at the prices which to them seemed gigantic (a couple of grand) at the time their monthly salaries equalled 20 DEM or even less. Now it is too late to ask for the stocks back.
The new Government has therefore decided to stop this process and initiate a new type of privatisation - tender-based sell-out to foreign companies (up to 70% of the firms privatised). Their main argument is, paradoxically, historical: since Serbia is ten years late compared with the rest of the transition countries, it can at least take advantage of the historical perspective and not repeat the mistakes associated with some of those countries. One of the mistakes, as claimed by the Cabinet, is giving out free stocks to the workers.
Since the opposition has been using this fact to accuse the government of unfairness and even open brutality to the workers' rights, finance minister Djelic and privatisation minister Vlahovic have been at pains lately to explain to Serbian workers that it would be much better for them to become ordinary, but well-paid labour force in foreign-owned stable factories than 'owners' of non-existent property or, even worse, shareholders of factories up to their ears in debt. But the rhetoric of the opposition in the parliament seems to have alarmed the workers of their rights, and many trade unions are unwilling to comply with the total sell-out of the factories to foreign investors.
There is yet another problem behind the grain. Foreign businessmen care about profit, and profit only, regardless of their mild rhetoric assuring the workers they will all be taken care of. This means many will have to be fired. Large industrial complexes, based mostly in Nis (Electronic and Machine Industries, with smaller factories almost 40,000 workers altogether - with their families almost a half of the city population) and in Kragujevac (with Zastava automobile plant, hosting 11,500 workers). With no investment over the last 10 years, with no former Yugoslav or Soviet markets, these plants have been decaying for years. Their workers have got used to the minimal wages, amounting to 10-30 DEM a month, fictitious job positions (since they don't really work at all) and spending most of their spare time either selling smuggled clothing garments at the local flea market or ploughing their village estate and selling food in town. Their official salaries are indeed humiliating, but they believe they are at least socially secure, since they are officially employed, so no one can deny them their pension. Those who work hardly do what they are qualified for - the horrid reality has made the Machine Industry in Nis use one of its formerly most distinguished facilities for growing mushrooms! Similar stories are heard all over the country.

The Government has been trying to convince the workers that "reducing the labour force" does not mean that they are all automatically fired, but that there would be pre-qualification programmes and guaranteed social aid for the expenses. But the figures are unforgiving: out of 11,500 people, only 4,500 will be kept in the Zastava automobile plant. The rest will not be officially fired, but "pre-qualified" - though no one really knows how frightening this word sounds to a 55-year-old worker who has been assembling cars for the last 35 years. No wonder the trade unions of the factory yesterday (25 june) announced a new strike, although they seemed to have reached an agreement with the Government only five days before. On the other hand, the Government is rushing to extradite Milosevic and others, hoping it would get about $1 billion at the Donor's Conference Friday, and use the money obtained primarily for stifling expected social blows during the autumn.

Finally, some blows have come already. Although "shock therapy" is too tough a phrase, the Government has already carried out some unpopular decisions, such as allowing the prices of food, petrol and electricity to go up. The remaining unpleasant pill to be swallowed is the price of stable and mobile telephony, which was to rise for 60%, but the figure allowed by the Government yesterday stopped at 35%. Finance minister Djelic said earlier this was an important step for many reasons: first, this convinced the IMF that we were serious about the reform, including its less popular sides, such as allowing reasonable prices of basic articles and services; second, these prices have reached their limit for this year, and they cannot go any higher, whereas salaries are expected to continue (?) growing throughout the year, which means truly better standard of the population.
But the population is anxious. Along with these, other prices are also going up, and average monthly salaries of 150 DEM, even though twice higher than those of the previous year, are simply too low to cover even the most basic expenses.
The Serbian Government is therefore in a very delicate position. The latest polls have shown about 50% of the population still firmly in favour of the reform and the new cabinet. But the underlying message was: "do something that will make us feel at least small benefits of what you are doing, and do it quickly, or else..." Premiere Djindjic and his staff know this, and this is why they are rushing towards the Donor's Conference in Brussels and privatisation law.


30/06/2001 -  Anonymous User

Il 28 giugno è una data particolare per la Jugoslavia. La storia attraverso i secoli ormai ce lo ha insegnato. Si tratta di "Vidovdan", il giorno di San Vito. Joze Pirjevec ha perfino intitolato un suo libro: "Il giorno di San Vito".
Cosa è accaduto nel fatidico giorno che riecheggia nelle canzoni popolari e che ha influenzato buona parte delle narrazioni epiche della cultura serba?
La prima data storica cui, con ogni probabilità, rimanda Vidovdan è il 28 giugno 1389 giorno della celeberrima battaglia di Kosovo Polje, dove la leggenda serba narra dell'uccisione del Principe Lazar, divenuto in seguito santo, da parte delle forze ottomane. Iniziò allora l'ascesa celeste del popolo serbo e da lì il Kosovo iniziò a far parlare di sé. Tuttavia la storia ci insegna ancora di più: il 28 giugno 1914 Gavrilo Princip, facente parte del gruppo Mlada Bosna, uccise a Sarejevo l'Arciduca Francesco Ferdinado e sua moglie, dando il via alla prima guerra mondiale. In tempi più recenti, il 28 giugno 1989, Slobodan Milosevic parlò ad una folla di un milione di persone riunite a Kosovo Polje, per la commemorazione del seicentenario della battaglia della Piana dei merli, annunciando che mai più nessuno avrebbe sollevato una mano contro il popolo serbo. Il 1989 fu l'anno in cui iniziò la disintegrazione della Jugoslavia di Tito e l'anno in cui ci furono parecchie proteste da parte della popolazione albanese per una indipendenza del Kosovo, purtroppo però finirono con la revoca dell'autonomia che gli era stata concessa da Tito nel 1974.
La storia jugoslava, che è sempre foriera di sorprese, segna infine il 28 giugno 2001 la data della consegna di Slobodan Milosevic al Tribunale Internazionale dell'Aja. Non scevro da polemiche e imminenti crisi tra i partiti di governo, quest'ultimo evento verrà impresso ben in evidenza nelle pagine della storia della Jugoslavia.
Che tutto ciò sia frutto di semplici coincidenze storiche o di logiche politiche mirate lasciamo che siano gli analisti a sentenziarlo, noi abbiamo solo voluto segnalare il ripetersi attraverso la storia di una data, il 28 giugno appunto, in cui ci si potrà forse anche in futuro aspettare qualcosa.


30/06/2001 -  Anonymous User

Quando si tratta dell'uranio impoverito e delle conseguenze dei bombardamenti della NATO con munizioni radioattive è necessario informare bene i cittadini sulle conseguenze possibili, però si deve anche stare attenti ad evitare di diffondere false informazioni esagerando con i dati. Questo ha dichiarato l'associazione jugoslava dei chimici e tecnologi che ha organizzato ieri (21 giugno) un seminario di formazione.
L'uranio dalla munizione brucia anche fino al 70%, passando in aerosol e particelle molto piccole che si trasmettono facilmente attraverso l'aria. Se l'uranio entra nella terra , finché non viene rimosso, provoca contaminazione . Nonostante le informazioni diverse e non sufficienti delle Nazioni Unite e della NATO che sono state un tentativo di negare e minimizzare il pericolo, Radojko Pavlovic, dell'Istituto delle scienze nucleari di Vinca, ha detto che secondo i concetti moderni di protezione, non esiste una quantità di radiazione non pericolosa.
E' stato detto che non si deve abbandonare l'idea del risanamento totale dei luoghi contaminati. Slobodan Petkovic, generale del Ministero Federale di difesa, ha ricordato che, secondo tutte le analisi fatte fino ad adesso, non sono state trovate munizioni radioattive a nord di Vranje. Inoltre ha detto che anche l'Istituto di Vinca era una dei bersagli potenziali, ciò ha aumentato il pericolo di radiazione, però sono state prese tutte le misure di precauzione per diminuire il pericolo. E' necessaria la costruzione di un deposito permanente per il rifiuto radioattivo che da noi ancora non esiste. Per un controllo migliore della salute dei cittadini è necessario tenere sotto controllo la loro salute. Una delle conclusioni di ieri è che la contaminazione con l'uranio impoverito è un nostro problema e per risolverlo efficacemente abbiamo bisogno di attrezzatura moderna e di un laboratorio moderno.


29/06/2001 -  Anonymous User

La portavoce del Ufficio dell'Alto Commissariato delle Nazioni Unite per i rifugiati (UNHCR), a Belgrado, Maki Sinohara ha dichiarato ieri che la FRY si trova al primo posto in Europa per il numero delle persone rifugiate.
"Da queste persone circa 390.000 sono profughi dalla Bosnia ed Erzegovina e dalla Croazia, mentre 230.000 persone sono sfollati dal Kosovo. Secondo i dati più recenti, dopo la ripetuta registrazione dei profughi in FRY, il totale è 600.000 persone rifugiate e sfollate sul territorio della FRY", ha dichiarato ieri (20 giugno) la portavoce alla conferenza stampa, organizzata in occasione della Giornata mondiale dei profughi.
Ha poi aggiunto che paragonato con i dati da 1996, il numero dei profughi in FRY si è ridotto del 30%.
"Del totale delle persone registrate, il 60 % ha dichiarato che vorrebbe rimanere in FRY", ha detto la portavoce dell'UNHCR aggiungendo che solamente il 5.3% vuole ritornare a casa, mentre il 25% è ancora indeciso.
Sinohara ha poi detto che l'afflusso di profughi dalla Macedonia nella FRY si è ridotto rispetto alla settimana precedente, quando UNHCR ha registrato circa 700 persone che hanno attraversato la frontiera ogni giorno, ma ha aggiunto che l'UNHCR è pronto ad agire nel caso di un grande afflusso di profughi dai paesi di confine.
L'Assemblea Generale delle Nazioni Unite ha fissato il 20 giugno come giorno per ricordare il coraggio, la perseveranza ed il talento delle persone rifugiate da tutto il mondo. Questo giorno è stato celebrato ieri per la prima volta.

» Fonte: © Glas


28/06/2001 -  Anonymous User

Inizia domani a Bruxelles la Conferenza dei donatori per la Repubblica Federale di Jugoslavia. I rappresentanti della Commissione europea e la Banca mondiale hanno ieri confermato le aspettative secondo le quali nell'incontro dei donatori saranno raccolti 1,25 miliardi dollari per la FRJ, quanto, secondo le stime degli esperti, è necessario allo stato per effettuare le riforme economiche dell'anno in corso. Alla conferenza stampa della Commissione europea è stato detto che l'aiuto economico sarà sempre condizionato sia politicamente che economicamente anche dopo questo incontro. I donatori possono, infatti, promettere denaro, ma possono anche bloccarne in seguito l'elargizione, ha riferito il portavoce della Commissione.

» Fonte: © Sense;


28/06/2001 -  Anonymous User

I leader dei tre partiti di opposizione del Paramento serbo, Branislav Ivkovic (SPS), Vojislav Seselj (SRS) e Borislav Pelevic (SSJ) hanno firmato, ieri, durante una conferenza stampa, nella stanza dei giornalisti del parlamento repubblicano l'Accordo dei tre partiti sulla richiesta per indire nuove elezioni su tutti i livelli (federale e repubblicano).
Alla conferenza stampa i leader dei tre partiti si sono impegnati a lasciare il lavoro parlamentare fino a quando non verrà presa una decisione sulla costituzionalità del Decreto del governo federale, riguardo la collaborazione del Tribunale dell'Aja. Pelevic ha inoltrato un appello al presidente Jugoslavo affinché annulli il decreto, mentre Seselj ha sottolineato che l'SRS non tollererà il capriccio del potere.
Ai giornalisti è stato distribuito il testo della richiesta per indire la prossima sessione del Consiglio dei cittadini del Parlamento federale, con un unico punto in agenda: la Proposta della legge sull'abolizione del decreto sulla collaborazione con il Tribunale dell'Aja.


27/06/2001 -  Anonymous User

Pubblichiamo la versione integrale in lingua inglese del Decreto approvato il 25 giugno scorso dalla RFY riguardante la collaborazione con il Tribunale Internazionale dell'Aja per i crimini di guerra.Il testo è stato distribuito dall'ufficio ICS di Belgra


25/06/2001 -  Anonymous User

In questi giorni a Bujanovac Jeton Ismail, corrispondente per Radio Deutsch Wella, ha aperto la prima radio privata in lingua albanese. Ismail crede inoltre che la collaborazione con i media in lingua serba sarà un ottima spinta verso la tolleranza reciproca. La radio inizierà col trasmettere brevi annunci informativi e musica.
Dopo due anni nelle edicole di Bujanovac arrivano anche i giornali dal Kosovo: Kosova sot, Koha Ditore, Bota sot, Rilindija, ed è aumentata la tiratura dei media locali che arrivano in questo comune plurinazionale, ma anche a Presevo e Veliki Trnovac, dove presso popolazione locale albanese negli ultimi mesi è aumentato l'interesse per la stampa in lingua serba che dedica ampio spazio alle attualità di questo territorio.A Bujanovac in breve tempo ci si aspetta che inizi a lavorare anche la televisione locale, per la quale il Governo serbo ha stanziato i mezzi.
Il programma verrà realizzato dall'equipe di Radio Bujanovac di cui fa parte pure il mensile locale "Bujanovicne novine".


10/06/2001 -  Anonymous User

Domenica alle ore 18.00 le unità della Seconda armata dell'Esercito jugolsavo hanno ripreso possesso del settore C della zona terrestre di sicurezza nella regione della montagna Bogicevica nei pressi di Plava. Si tratta dell'ultima parte di tale zona che era rimasta fuori dal controllo delle forze jugoslave.

Otpor chiede una legge per riabilitazione vittime del comunismo

16/05/2001 -  Anonymous User

Il movimento "Otpor" ha promosso un'iniziativa per emanare una legge sulla riabilitazione di tutte le persone accusate ingiustamente e per il ritorno della proprietà confiscata. La legge comprenderebbe ilperiodo del regime comunista dal 1945 fino ad oggi, ha annunciato Jelena Homen, coordinatrice di questo progetto. Ha dichiarato che tutti i cittadini i cui parenti sono stati condannati in qualsiasi modo dai governi precedenti e hanno le prove documentali sull'espropriazione, possono consegnare questi documenti alla sede di Otpor.

Incontri diplomatici contro la 'Grande Albania'

10/05/2001 -  Anonymous User

Incontri tra politici per chiarire la situazione macedone. Da "Le Monde Diplomatique".


02/05/2001 -  Anonymous User

Dragoljub Micunovic, presidente della Camera di cittadini del Parlamento Federale ha dichiarato che "alla riunione del Parlamento Federale, che si terrà l'8 maggio, non si discuterà della legge sulla collaborazione con il Tribunale dell'Aja perché la Proposta di legge non è ancora stata accettata dal Governo Federale". "Nel corso di questa riunione verranno concordate alcune nuove leggi e ratificati dei contratti, fra i quali anche la dichiarazione sulla demarcazione dei confini con la Macedonia. Il Parlamento delibererà sulla serie di leggi del Tribunale Costituzionale e si discuterà anche del sistema di leggi monetarie e fiscali emanate del Parlamento Serbo".